2018-04-30 01:45:40 UTC
Title: The Era of Hackers is Over
Date: Sat, 28 Apr 2018 09:54:00 -0400
Over at ACM Yegor Bugayenko writes:
In the 1970s, when Microsoft and Apple were founded, programming was an art
only a limited group of dedicated enthusiasts actually knew how to perform
properly. CPUs were rather slow, personal computers had a very limited amount
of memory, and monitors were lo-res. To create something decent, a programmer
had to fight against actual hardware limitations.
In order to win in this war, programmers had to be both trained and talented
in computer science, a science that was at that time mostly about algorithms
and data structures.
[...] Most programmers were calling themselves "hackers," even though in the
early 1980s this word, according to Steven Levy's book Hackers: Heroes of the
Computer Revolution, "had acquired a specific and negative connotation."
Since the 1990s, this label has become "a shibboleth that identifies one as a
member of the tribe," as linguist Geoff Nunberg pointed out.
[...] it would appear that the skills required of professional and successful
programmers are drastically different from the ones needed back in the 1990s.
The profession now requires less mathematics and algorithms and instead
emphasizes more skills under the umbrella term "sociotech." Susan Long
illustrates in her book Socioanalytic Methods: Discovering the Hidden in
Organizations and Social Systems that the term "sociotechnical systems" was
coined by Eric Trist et al. in the World War II era based on their work
with English coal miners at the Tavistock Institute in London. The term now
seems more suitable to the new skills and techniques modern programmers need.
Read more of this story at SoylentNews.
: http://soylentnews.org/~fliptop/ (link)
: http://www.acm.org/ (link)
: https://cacm.acm.org/blogs/blog-cacm/227154-the-era-of-hackers-is-over/fulltext (link)
: https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2014/01/16/263088398/hackers-techies-what-to-call-san-franciscos-newcomers (link)
: http://us.karnacbooks.com/product/socioanalytic-methods-discovering-the-hidden-in-organisations-and-social-systems/33236/ (link)
: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Trist (link)
: http://soylentnews.org/submit.pl?op=viewsub&subid=26270 (link)
: https://soylentnews.org/article.pl?sid=18/04/28/0726245&from=rss (link)